Publications

 

Peer-reviewed journal articles
Pre-print copies are available on my Research Gate page.

  • Marsh, J. E., Threadgold, E., Barker, M. E., Litchfield, D., Degno, F., & Ball, L. J. (2021). The susceptibility of compound remote associate problems to disruption by irrelevant sound: A window onto the component processes underpinning creative cognition? Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1-30.

  • McNeill, A.M., Monk, R.L., Qureshi, A.W., Litchfield, D., & Heim, D., (In Press). The effects of placebo and moderate dose alcohol on attentional bias, inhibitory control and subjective craving. Alcohol and Alcoholism.

  • Litchfield, D. & Donovan, T. (2019). Expecting the initial glimpse: prior target knowledge activation or repeated search does not eliminate scene preview search benefits. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 31, 49-63.

  • Pennington, C., Litchfield D., Latchie, N., & Heim, D. (2019). Stereotype Threat May Not Impact Women’s Inhibitory Control or Mathematical Performance: Providing Support for the Null Hypothesis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49, 717-734.

  • Gallagher-Mitchell, T., Simms, V., & Litchfield, D. (2018). Learning from where ‘eye’ remotely look or point: impact on number line estimation error in adults. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71,1526-1534.

  • van Wermeskerken, M., Litchfield, D., & van Gog, T (2018). What am I looking at? Interpreting dynamic and static gaze displays. Cognitive Science, 42, 220-252.

  • Donovan, T., Litchfield, D., & Crawford, T.J. (2017). Editorial: Medical Image Perception: How Much Do We Understand It? Frontiers Psychology, 8, 2072.

  • Litchfield, D. & Donovan, T. (2017). The flash-preview moving window paradigm: Unpacking visual expertise one glimpse at a time. Frontline Learning Research, 5, 80-94.

  • Beattie, G., Marselle, M., McGuire, L., & Litchfield, D. (2017). Staying over-optimistic about the future: Uncovering attentional biases to climate change messages. Semiotica, 2017, 21-64.

  • Crawford, T., Litchfield, D., & Donovan, T. (2017). 'Target absent' decisions in cancer nodule detection are more efficient than 'target present' decisions! Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e136.

  • Lunn, J., Donovan, T., Litchfield, D., Lewis, C., Davies, R., & Crawford, T. (2017). Social attention in children with epilepsy. Brain and Cognition, 113, 76-84.

  • Litchfield, D. & Donovan, T. (2016). Worth a quick look? Initial scene previews can guide eye movements as a function of domain-specific expertise but can also unforeseen costs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42,982-994.

  • Lunn, J., Donovan, T., Litchfield, D., Lewis, C., Davies, R., & Crawford, T. (2016). Saccadic eye movement abnormalities in children with epilepsy. PLoS ONE, 11(8): e0160508.

  • Ball, L. J., Marsh, J., Litchfield, D., Cook, & R., & Booth, N. (2015). When distraction helps: Evidence that concurrent articulation and irrelevant speech can facilitate insight problem solving. Thinking & Reasoning, 21, 76-96. 

  • Scott, H., Hall, L., Litchfield, D., & Westwood, D. (2013). Visual information search in simulated junction negotiation: Gaze transitions of young novice, young experienced and older experienced drivers. Journal of Safety Research, 45, 111-116.

  • Donovan, T., & Litchfield, D. (2013). Looking for cancer: Expertise related differences in searching and decision making. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 43-49.

  • Donovan, T., Crawford., T., & Litchfield, D. (2012). Negative priming for target selection with saccadic eye movements. Experimental Brain Research, 222, 483-494.

  • Waton, A., Kakwani, R., Cooke, N. J., Litchfield, D., Kok, D., Middleton, H., & Irwin, L. (2011). Immobilisation of the knee and ankle and its impact on drivers' braking times: A DRIVING SIMULATOR STUDY. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 93, 928-931.

  • Litchfield, D., & Ball, L. J. (2011). Using another's gaze as an explicit aid to insight problem solving. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 649-656.

  • Litchfield, D., Ball, L. J., Donovan, T., Manning, D. J., & Crawford, T. (2010). Viewing another person's eye movements improves identification of pulmonary nodules in chest x-ray inspection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 16, 251-262.

Books and Chapters

  • Ball, L. J, & Litchfield, D. (2013). Interactivity as a determinant of learning and insight. Chapter in S. Cowley & F. Vallee-Tourangeau (Eds.): Cognition Beyond the Brain: Computation, Interactivity and Human Artiface. London: Springer.

  • Middleton, H., Litchfield, D., & Westwood, D. (2012). Gaze sequence of young novice, younger experienced and older experienced drivers at a simulated junction. In A. G. Gale, J. Bloomfield, D. Giguère, & R. J. Kiefer (Eds.), Vision in Vehicles XI, 88-95, Loughbrough: Applied Vision Research Centre. ISBN: 978-0-9571266-3-3.

Peer-reviewed conference proceedings

  • Litchfield, D., Ball, L. J ., Donovan, T., Manning, D. J., & Crawford, T. (2008). Learning from others: Effects of viewing another person's eye movements while searching for chest nodules Chapter in : B. Sahiner, & D.J. Manning (Eds.): Proceedings of SPIE Medical Imaging 2008: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, Volume 9, 34. San Diego, CA, USA.

Presentations

Invited talk**

  • Litchfield, D., & Donovan T.  (2019, August). How many cues does it take to find every cancer? European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 20), Alicante, Spain.

  • Gallagher-Mitchell, T., Simms, V., & Litchfield, D. (2017, August). Gaze guidance in number-line tasks. Symposium: You See? Improving Instruction by Visualizing Eye Movements. European Association for Research in Learning and Instruction (EARLI 17), Tampere, Finland.

  • Litchfield, D., Gallagher-Mitchell, T., Simms, V. (2017, August). Gaze guidance in number-line tasks. Symposium: Interpreting and Using Visualizations of Eye Movements to Improve Task Performance and Learning. European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 19), Wuppertal, Germany.

  • van Wermeskerken, M., Litchfield, D., van Gog, T. (2017, August). Eye see what you are doing: Inferring task performance from eye movement data. Symposium: Interpreting and Using Visualizations of Eye Movements to Improve Task Performance and Learning. European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 19), Wuppertal, Germany.

  • **Litchfield, D. (2017, March). Eye movements and eye-tracking… A window into the mind. Department of Psychology Research Seminar, University of Central Lancashire, UK.

  • **Litchfield, D. (2017, Feb). Worth a quick look to guide eye movements and decision-making? The unexpected costs of viewing domain-specific scene previews. Department of Psychology Research Seminar, University of Cumbria, UK.

  • **Litchfield, D. (2016, Dec). Worth a quick look to guide eye movements and decision-making? The unexpected costs of viewing domain-specific scene previews. Department of Psychology Research Seminar, Southampton University, UK.

  • **Litchfield, D. (2016, Oct). Learning from where ‘eye’ remotely look or point: Impact on number line estimation error in adults. Colloquium on Multiple Eye Tracker Classrooms, Lund University, Sweden.

  • Litchfield, D., & Donovan, T. (2016, June). Worth a quick look to guide eye movements and decision making? The unexpected costs of viewing domain- specific scene previews. 7th Scandinavian Workshop on Applied Eye Tracking (SWAET), Turku, Finland.

  • **Litchfield, D. (2015, Oct). Effects of guiding gaze in the number line task. Symposium on the use of eye tracking to study and enhance learning and performance, Universiteit Utrecht, Netherlands.

  • Ball, L.J., Litchfield, D., Marsh J. (2015, September). When distraction helps: Facilitating insight through concurrent articulation and irrelevant speech. Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (ESCOP 19), Cyprus.

  • Donovan, T., Litchfield, D., & Walker. (2015, August). Progressively removing high spatial frequencies: the impact on performance when searching for cancer in chest x-rays. European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP) 2015, University of Liverpool, UK.

  • Litchfield, D., Knott, L., Donovan, T., & Crawford T. (2015, August). False memory-guided eye movements: insights from the DRM Saccade paradigm. European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 18) Vienna, Austria.

  • van Wermeskerken, M., Litchfield, D., & van Gog, T (2015, August). Was it me? Recognition and Interpretation of Static and Dynamic Eye Movement Displays. European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 18), Vienna, Austria.

  • Lunn, J. F., Donovan, T., Litchfield, D., Crawford T., & Davies, R. (2015, August). Saccadic Eye Movement Abnormalities in Children with Epilepsy. European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 18), Vienna, Austria.

  • Beattie, G., Marselle, M., Litchfield, D., & McGuire, L. (2015, June). Why don’t we see the arguments for climate change? How cognitive biases affect the processing of climate change messages? 21st International Interdisciplinary Conference on the Environment, San Juan, Puerto Rice, USA.

  • **Litchfield, D., (2015, Jan). False memory-guided eye movements: insights from the DRM-Saccade paradigm. Department of Psychology Research Seminar, Department of Psychology Research Seminar, University of Central Lancashire, UK.

  • Litchfield, D., & Donovan, T. (2013, August). To what extent does target/scene expectations influence search behaviour using the ‘flash-preview moving window? European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 17), Lund, Sweden.

  • Donovan, T. & Litchfield, D. (2013, August). Rapid processing of chest radiographs by experts: Insights gained with the ‘flash-preview moving window’ paradigm. European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 17), Lund, Sweden.

  • Litchfield, D. (2012, August). Scaffolding diagnostic decisions based on where experts and novices look. 6th EARLI SIG 14 Learning and Professional Development Conference. Antwerp.

  • Litchfield, D., & Donovan, T. (2011, August). Getting the gist of medical images using the 'Flash-Preview Moving Window' paradigm. Medical Image Perception Society Conference (MIPS XIV). Dublin.

  • **Litchfield, D. (2011, April). Using an experts gaze as attentional guidance in visual spatial tasks. Experimental Psychology Society (EPS) Workshop: Expertise as Revealed by Oculomotor Behaviour, Portsmouth University.

  • Litchfield, D., & Ball, L. J. (2009, September). Using anothers gaze to solve an insight problem. 26th BPS Cognitive Section Conference, Hertfordshire.

  • Litchfield, D. (2009, October). Re-examining the effects of model expertise and observer expertise. Annual Psychology Postgraduate Conference. Lancaster University.

  • Berry, D.M., Crawford, T.J., Wolohan, F.A. & Litchfield, D. (2009, August). Working memory theories explain antisaccade error rates,but not latency or fixation duration effects with a concurrent working memory task. European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 15). Southampton.

  • **Litchfield, D. (2008, November). Task perception in the analysis of medical images. British Institute of Radiology, London.

  • Litchfield, D. (2008, October). Viewing anothers gaze. Annual Psychology Postgraduate Conference. Lancaster University.

  • Litchfield, D. (2008, September). Learning from others: Effects of viewing another person's eye movements while searching for chest nodules. 25th Anniversary BPS Cognitive Section Conference, Southampton.

  • Litchfield, D. (2008, August). Learning from others: Effects of viewing another person's eye movements while searching for chest nodules. GaCIT workshop (Gaze, Communication, and Interaction Technology), Tampere, Finland.

  • Litchfield, D., Ball, L. J., Donovan, T., Manning, D. J., & Crawford, T. (2008, February). Learning from others: Effects of viewing another person's eye movements while searching for chest nodules. SPIE Medical Imaging 2008: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, San Diego.

  • Litchfield, D. (2007, June). Developing a gaze following paradigm in medical image perception tasks. Annual Psychology Postgraduate Conference. Lancaster University.

  • Middleton, H., Litchfield, D., & Westwood, D. (2006, July). Gaze sequence of young novice, younger experienced and older experienced drivers at a simulated junction. Vision in Vehicles 11, Dublin.

  • Middleton, H., Litchfield, D., & Westwood D. (2006, July). Driving performance and gaze behaviour of younger and older drivers at a simulated junction. 26th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Athens.